Course Content

Our Programme - Super-Flexible for Every Kind of Delegate

From 2019 we are offering a new version of the MRI in Practice Course. Delegates may choose to attend a three-day adaptation of the course. There is no difference in the lecture content, quantity or quality, the only difference is in the course structure. The advantages of each delivery are presented below to allow applicants to make an informed choice about which version would suit them best.

Four-Day Course

This is the traditional version of the course that has been running since 1992. In the UK (only) delegates may choose to attend the course in two blocks (2 days each), or undertake the whole course in one block (4 days).

The first two days cover the underpinning fundamentals of MRI and are essential for everyone - irrespective of previous experience.
The second two days cover additional important concepts.

Benefits
• Delegates may attend in two blocks offering greater flexibility, allows employers to arrange staff cover more easily and may be suitable for practitioners who are very new to the field as they can learn the essentials, apply learning to clinical practice and then return for the additional concepts at a later date.
• There is late start on day 01 and an early finish on day 04 to facilitate transport to and from the course. This may appeal to delegates who are attending from distant locations.
• The days run consecutively - so radiographers who are at a comparatively advanced level may choose to attend for all four days in one block.

IMPORTANT - Days 3 and 4 are not offered as a stand-alone course. They are only available for delegates who have already attended days 1 and 2.
CPD endorsement from the Society and College of Radiographers is awarded on a whole-course basis. CPD certification is therefore only awarded to delegates who have attended all four days.

MRI in Practice 4 day Programme
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Three-Day Course

This is a new adaptation of the course available from 2019. Delegates attend the entire course over three days. The content is identical to the four-day course, but each day runs from 9:00am to 5:00pm. The only other adaptation is that there is no requirement for a revision session. This is because there are no delegates returning to the course - which is the case for the four-day version (see above).


Benefits

• The principal benefit of attending the three-day course is that delegates will only need to book 2 nights accommodation. Accommodation is not included in the course fee, so this represents a potential cost saving.
• Delegates enjoy all the benefits of the full course - but less time away from home. This may particularly appeal to international delegates travelling from abroad.
• Employers may find it more attractive, as staff cover will only be required for three days rather than four days (total).
• Ideal for those wishing to gain a full understanding in MRI in a compact and concise delivery.

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You can find more details about the lecture content in our brochure and from the tabs below.

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  • Full list of lectures
  • Lecture content
  • Course Programme
  • Course Rationale
  • Application details
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Lecture Content

Click the tabs below to learn more about each lecture. The schedule below represents the full four-day course structure. The three-day course does not include the revision session as this is not required, however the lecture content is identical in all other respects.


Day 01

Basic Principles (Westbrook)

Basic Principles (Westbrook) 1 hour


Aim: to investigate the fundamental principles of MRI including:

  • Nuclear structure
  • MR active nuclei
  • Alignment
  • Precession and resonance
  • Signal generation
  • Relaxation processes

Image Contrast (Westbrook)

Image Contrast (Westbrook) 1 hour


Aim: to evaluate the various mechanisms responsible for image contrast in MRI including:

  • Molecular make-up of fat and water
  • T1 recovery
  • T2 decay
  • Diffusion Weighting
  • Image weighting characteristics
  • Introduction to pulse sequences

Instrumentation (Talbot)

Instrumentation (Talbot) 1 hour


Aim: to investigate types of equipment used in MRI and their safe use including:

  • Magnets: principles of, construction, homogeneity.
  • Shielding
  • Shimming
  • Gradients
  • Radio Frequency: shielding, transmit/receive coils

Safety (Talbot)

Safety (Talbot) 1.5 hours


Aim: to review all MRI safety issues including:

  • Static-field - spatial gradient dangers
  • Time varying gradient-field – nerve stimulation
  • Secondary (RF) field dangers - heating & antenna effect
  • Cryogens – quenches and anoxia
  • Contraindications for MRI

with real-life examples of safety incidents from around the world.

Day 02

Spin-Echo Pulse Sequences (Talbot)

Spin Echo Pulse Sequences (Talbot) 1.5 hours


Aim: to investigate the basic mechanisms of spin echo imaging including:

  • T2* effects
  • RF rephasing
  • Single and dual echo spin echo
  • Fast Spin Echo, advantages and trade-offs
  • Driven Equilibrium
  • Inversion recovery

Image Optimisation (Westbrook)

Image Optimisation (Westbrook) 1.5 hours


Aim: to facilitate the understanding of the factors that affect image quality; their mechanisms and trade-offs including:

  • Signal to noise ratio (SNR)
  • Contrast to noise ratio (CNR)
  • Spatial resolution
  • Scan time
  • Decision making strategies

Image Production (Talbot)

Image Production (Talbot) 1 hour


Aim: to facilitate the understanding of gradient functions for the purpose of spatial encoding including:

  • An introduction to data sampling
  • Slice selection
  • Frequency encoding
  • Phase encoding
  • Fourier Transformation

Artefacts (Talbot)

Artefacts (Talbot) 1.5 hours


Aim: to facilitate the understanding of the appearances and cause of common artefacts and their remedies. May include:

  • Aliasing
  • Nyquist ghost
  • Out-of-phase signal loss
  • Magnetic susceptibility artefact
  • Entry slice phenomenon
  • Phase mismapping

Day 03

k-space and data acquisition (Westbrook)

k-space and Data Acquisition (Westbrook)
1.5 hours (x2)


Aim: to explore in-depth the principles that underpin data acquisition in MRI including:

  • k-space functions and characteristics
  • Data sampling techniques
  • k-space traversal
  • k-space filling in basic and advanced sequencing
  • k-space filling modifications including parallel imaging

Revision (Talbot)

Revision (Talbot) 1.5 hours


Aim: to consolidate the basic knowledge gained through self-marked timed evaluation:

  • Basic Principles
  • Contrast Mechanisms
  • Instrumentation
  • Basic Pulse sequences
  • Image Optimisation

Introduction to Gradient-Echo Pulse Sequences (Westbrook)

Gradient Echo (Westbrook) 1 hour


Aim: to provide an introduction to gradient echo sequences

  • Principles of Gradient Echo Pulse Sequences
  • Weighting in Gradient Echo Pulse Sequences

Day 04

Flow and Flow-Dependent MRA (Talbot)

Flow and MRA (Talbot) 1.5 hours


Aim: to provide an overview and basic understanding of the appearances of flow including:

  • Time of flight, entry slice phenomenon, and flow anomalies
  • Post processing and the maximum intensity projection algorithm
  • Inflow, Phase Contrast, Black-Blood, BOLD and Fresh Blood Imaging,
  • Mechanism of flow-dependent MRA sequences
  • Advantages & disadvantages in clinical use

For the three-day version of the course this content is included in the artefacts sessions.

Gradient-Echo Pulse Sequences (Westbrook)

Gradient Echo Sequences (Westbrook) 1.5 hours


Aim: to investigate the advanced mechanisms of gradient echo imaging and their clinical uses including:

  • The steady state (advanced concepts)
  • Coherent gradient echo
  • Balanced Gradient Echo
  • Incoherent gradient echo
  • Steady state free precession
  • Fast gradient echo
  • Echo planar imaging
  • Diffusion Weighting

Artefacts Session 02 (Talbot)

Artefacts 2 (Talbot) 1 hour


Aim: To explore the appearances, causes and remedies in relation to complex MRI artefacts may include:

  • Chemical Shift
  • Inhomogeneity
  • RF anomalies
  • The magic angle
  • Moiré fringing
  • Dielectric effects
  • Cross excitation

Delegates are welcome to bring digital images (on USB flash-drive) that demonstrate an artefactual appearance from their own department.

Quiz (Talbot) (may be offered in some locations)

Quiz (Talbot) 30 minutes


A fun quiz to end the course - can you beat the MRI quizmaster?

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